RBM 23/1




     
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This volume marks the return of the Revista Brasileira de Música [Brazilian Journal of Music], now a publication of the Graduate Studies Program in Music at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. With a renewed editorial board counting on the participation of Brazilian and international specialists, RBM presents a new editorial project and graphic design. RBM is an open access journal, published twice a year in printed and electronic version. It features five hundred copies in printed version, and an electronic version which aims to facilitate world-wide access to its content for free. The main purpose is to provide a channel of reflection on the current state of music research in Brazil, and meet community demand for academic journals that can generate an intense dialogue among Brazilian and foreign researchers. The contents of this volume presents critical issues, including the concept of authorship in the West and its ramifications in music – of special interest to musicology – and the concepts of social reality of everyday life and musical socialization process – in the realm of music education. It includes contributions on the relation between musicological edition and historically informed performance; stylistic analysis concerned with cultural dialogues; it also presents historical studies pertaining to music in Brazil in the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and its relation with other cultures considering the contribution and influence of foreign artists who lived here. In the Memory section RBM pays tribute to two musicologists whose work was fundamental to the development of musicological research in Brazil in the second half of the twentieth century: Cleofe Person de Mattos (1918-2002) and Gerard Béhague (1937-2005). It also brings the latest interview with Mercedes Reis Pequeno, the founder of the Music Section of the National Library of Rio de Janeiro. This volume also includes, in the section Brazilian Music Archive, the edition of Romanza (1898) for string orchestra written by the composer Henrique Oswald (1852-1931).


FOREWORD

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EDITORIAL

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ARTICLES


The Western concept of authorship and its reflections in music

Carlos Alberto Figueiredo 

Abstract

The present article deals with the raise and the development of the concept of autorship in the West and its ramifications in the music, from the Middle Ages to our days. It points to the importance of this concept and its reflexes in so different aspects like the social status of the composer, the changes in compositional processes, the question of copyright laws, the impact of internet, music editions, the history of music, genetic criticism and the idea of the composer as a genius and a poet.

Keywords

Authorship – western music – composition..

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The Te Deum in A minor by Lobo de Mesquita (1746? -1805): critical edition and notes for a historically informed performance

Sérgio Pires 

Abstract

This article focuses on the first critical edition of the Te Deum (in A minor) by the brazilian colonial composer José Joaquim Emerico Lobo de Mesquita (1746?-1805). The article comments the non-autograph based transcription of this work by Curt Lange, and the recordings based on his transcription. It describes the manuscript sources currently available and explains the criteria adopted for the choice of the sources used in the critical edition; the editorial principles are also discussed in detail. In addition, it provides suggestions for a historically informed performance of the work.

Keywords

Lobo de Mesquita – Brazilian colonial music – Te Deum – critical edition.

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The dramatic music by Marcos Portugal in Rio de Janeiro: context and new data

Abstract

This article traces certain aspects of the career of Marcos Portugal, in the area of opera and theatre music, in Lisbon, at the Teatro do Salitre, in various centres in Italy, especially Venice, and once more in Lisbon, at the Teatro de S. Carlos. In this light, it evaluates the information hitherto available on this composer’s dramatic works performed in Rio de Janeiro, adding others, on the basis mainly of scores and parts found principally in Portuguese libraries.

Keywords

Marcos Portugal – Rio de Janeiro – opera – theatre music – Lisbon.

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The civilizing mission: the Conservatory of Music in Imperial Brazil

Antonio Augusto 

Abstract

The objective of this article is to analyze the insertion of the Conservatory of Music in the Imperial society. We try to observe in the trajectory of the Conservatory – a combination of governmental and private institution – the relations established with a project of civilization developed by the Empire, as well as the strategies used for the definition of a social position of the musician and of the institution in the rigid hierarchy of a manorial society.

Keywords

Conservatory of Music – empire – music – society.

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“Glauco Velasquez”: a conference by Darius Milhaud

Abstract

The interest of Darius Milhaud for the music of Glauco Velasquez started in France, before his arrival in Brazil, through the enthusiastic comments of his teacher at the Conservatoire, Xavier Leroux, and the composer and conductor André Messager. Two months after his arrival in Rio he had already studied the largest part of Glauco’s work – sightreading it with Luciano Gallet, Alfredo Gomes, Paulina d’Ambrosio and Frederico Nascimento Filho – and had also discovered, in Adelina Alambary’s house in Paquetá, the 4th Trio almost complete, which he restaured and gave the world’s première in 1918. On April 1917 he would open the Lycée Français of Rio de Janeiro, for hosting a concert of the “Sociedade Glauco Velasquez”, where he performed at the violin, and delivered a conference on Glauco’s music, transcribed in the Jornal do Commercio. It is this conference, which to this day remains unpublished, that is being presented in this paper.

Keywords

4thTrio – “Sociedade Glauco Velasquez” – admiration – André Messager – formal freedom.

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Radamés Gnattali’s Waltzes: a historical-analytical study

Nadge Breide 

Abstract

This text aims at showing how the development of mass communication, mass entertainment and cultural diversity during the 1930´s in Brazil, are reflected upon Valsas para Piano (1939), by Radamés Gnattali (1906-1988). The analytical interpretation (Meyer) points out to the recurrence of elements as well as patterns of deviation according to the literary model proposed by Sant’Anna. Other references are Chase, Schwartz-Kates, Lidov and Santos. Concerning ‘American traits’ attributed to his music, Schuller, Santos and Garcia & Rodriguez are used as tools for evaluation.

Keywords

Stylistic analysis – Radamés Gnattali – brazilian music.

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Music in everyday life and the process of first musical socialize from the social-historical perspective of Berger & Luckmann

Kátia Benedetti & Dorotéa Kerr 

Abstract

Using the concepts of social reality of everyday life, first socialize and second socialize, of sociologists Berger & Luckmann, this work examines how the music education can approach the informal music knowledge, which children gotten in process of first musical socialize. The question that guides the explanation is: from the Berger & Luckmann perspective, how and why the everyday music knowledge of students must be take shelter by the formal music education? It also examines how, in the first infancy, the Music Education, while subject includes in the grate curriculum of the childish education, may give an opportunity of transcendence of musical everyday life universe, intensity influenced by midiatic models, amplifying and enriching the musical experiences of the children and their possibilities of development and personal enlargement.

Keywords

First musical socialize – musical everyday life knowledge – Berger & Luckmann.

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MEMORY

The legacy of Gerard Béhague (1937-2005)

Maria Alice Volpe 

Abstract

Paper presented at the ANPPOM National Meeting 2005, in memoriam to Gerard Béhague, deceasedsome months before that event. It proposes some assessment on his academic pathway, searching in his formative years the motivations and conceptions that later framed his career as a musicologist. This appraisal emphasizes that the legacy of that great Latin-Americanist lays in the enduring search for the integration between musicology and ethnomusicology.

Keywords

Musicology – Ethnomusicology in Brazil and U.S.A. – Musicology/Ethnomusicology in Latin America

and U.S.A. – Gerard Béhague.

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The legacy of Cleofe Person de Mattos (1918-2002)

Régis Duprat

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INTERVIEW

Mercedes Reis Pequeno, a pioneer in musical librarianship in Brazilian Music Archive

Maria Celina Machado

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BRAZILIAN MUSIC ARCHIVE

Romanza

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